The hottest experts suggest accelerating the refor

2022-08-07
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Experts' suggestions: accelerate the price reform of refined oil editor's note: in the future, the price reform of refined oil in Huaibei should be carried out in two steps: the first step is to straighten out the price level to ensure the normal supply of refined oil; Second, on the basis of gradually improving the oil circulation system and government regulatory policies, after the market competition is relatively sufficient, the oil price will be fully liberalized, and enterprises will set prices independently according to the international and domestic market conditions

as the international oil price has dropped sharply from $147 per barrel of highly adjustable support frame and task frame to the current level around $110 per barrel of the main body of each equipment, the upside down range of domestic crude oil and product oil prices is significantly reduced; At the same time, China's inflation pressure is expected to gradually decrease in the next few months, which has created good conditions for China to rationalize oil prices. Industry experts suggested that China should seize the current favorable opportunity to further promote the price reform of refined oil

industry experts pointed out that the vigorous development of socialist market economy determines that marketization is the inevitable choice of China's oil pricing mechanism. Because the reform involves too many aspects of interest coordination, China's oil pricing mechanism has always been wandering between administrative regulation and the road to marketization. But at least one thing is certain that even if the goal of complete marketization cannot be achieved in the short term, China should also approach marketization step by step. In the future, the price reform of refined oil should be divided into two steps: the first step is to straighten out the price level to ensure the normal supply of refined oil; Second, on the basis of gradually improving the oil circulation system and government regulatory policies, after the market competition is relatively sufficient, the oil price will be fully liberalized, and enterprises will set prices independently according to the international and domestic market conditions

kexiaoming, deputy director of the Market Research Institute of Sinopec Consulting Corporation, believes that there will be very serious consequences, such as blocking the valve hole and scratching the piston surface. Under the current situation of China's oil market, to carry out the market-oriented reform of the price of refined oil, we need to consider and solve the following four problems: first, when PetroChina and SINOPEC are the main operators of the market, The price marketization may lead to the problem that the oil refining enterprises make huge profits. Second, when foreign oil enterprises enter China, the national energy sovereignty is lost and the energy security is threatened. Third, the fuel burden of poor groups such as agriculture and fisheries has increased, and the cost of living of the people has risen, which may lead to the further expansion of income inequality. Fourth, after the oil supply is handed over to the market, the oil supply required for the national economic development may be unstable, and the economic development will be threatened

in view of the above four problems and referring to the reform experience of foreign countries, we can take the following countermeasures: first, further strengthen the import liberalization and make the private enterprises grow rapidly as a force, so as to solve the problem that the oil refining enterprises of the two groups may obtain huge profits due to the marketization of the price of refined oil. The second is to establish the non-governmental oil reserve obligation system and the oil industry fund system, and adopt the methods of introducing diversified crude oil and popularizing new renewable energy to deal with the possible energy security threats caused by foreign oil enterprises entering the Chinese market. Third, the tax-free oil system and subsidy (subsidy) system were used to alleviate the impact of rising oil prices on poor groups and public welfare industries, and reverse the trend of income inequality Futures: Coke 1605 fell slightly and the balance expanded. Fourth, stabilize the oil market supply by improving energy efficiency and seeking effective investment to ensure healthy and stable economic growth

in fact, the marketization of refined oil prices does not mean that the state will no longer interfere with the market. When the market changes suddenly, the government should put forward different corresponding plans and take phased measures to achieve the goal of stabilizing the market. In case of supply and demand tension in some markets, the state should respond by partial or comprehensive oil supply and demand adjustment orders, releasing reserve oil and other methods; In the event of a comprehensive supply and demand crisis, measures should be taken to curb demand, release reserve oil, adjust oil supply and demand, implement the ceiling price system, and start the oil price buffer fund

price marketization can solve some of the problems faced by China's product oil market at present, but some problems may occur in the process of implementing marketization. Therefore, we must refer to the experience of other countries and take corresponding effective measures in advance to reduce the impact in the process of oil price marketization and smoothly realize the product oil price marketization reform

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